Investment funds: What is it & worth it?

What is this & worth it?

Funds are so-called public special assets, which are managed by corporations. These can also be described as investment or fund companies and are subject to German law. A fund is comparable to a large bundle of countless investors. They invest their assets there, or invest. For example, these can come from stocks, returns or simple bank balances.

Investing in a fund

Within the fund companies, fund managers are employed to manage the money entrusted. In this area, however, administration means that the money is invested strategically and thus as profitable as possible. In fact, there is always a certain risk that investors have to take. Nevertheless, the managers of the funds must comply with the law. This means that they have to comply with legal requirements and investment guidelines. These vary, of course, depending on the type of fund.

In order to minimise the risk to the investor, risk diversification strategies are needed. This minimizes the risk of loss by dividing the plant among a wide range of assets. The law stipulates that a maximum of five percent of total fixed assets will migrate to issuers. These issuers usually represent securities. In exceptional cases, a maximum of 10 can also be put into a system.

The related investment guidelines and investment objectives are precisely defined when a fund is set up with the investor. These then relate exclusively to the fund and the investor knows exactly what happens to his money. The investment focus is often already visible from sales brochures. Often you can already see by the name of the fund what the focus is on.

How does an investor earn a fund?

Of course, investing a fund is already about increasing the capital invested, that is, about profits and income from the fund. For the paid-in capital, the investor receives an investment certificate, also called investment shares. These reflect the owner’s claim to the success of the plant. Depending on the use of the capital and the development of the individual special fund, the income is calculated. A right to return the shares is also established and is paid out by means of a fixed return price.

The value of the shares is determined by the capital invested, i.e. the sum of all the assets contributed. This includes, for example, the investor’s cash portfolio. This sum is finally divided by the number of shares.

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What are closed-end funds?

Closed funds usually mean larger investments and projects. So, for example, larger tangible assets or real estate. Investors already have to raise up to 2,500 – 25,000 euros. The fund is closed when all shares are sold. Only then does a longer term of between 10 and 20 years begin. Later, after the expiry of the fixed term, the fund is dissolved and the shares are repaid to the investor. For this purpose, the financed properties or properties are sold. The shares cannot be dissolved earlier than planned. After all, the buyback would only result in large losses.

What are open-ended funds?

Investors’ funds run into these funds and keep spending new shares. A fund manager takes care of the distribution and strategically sensible investment. It is therefore a broad spread of investment and a small risk associated with it. Open funds can be dissolved at any time and shares can be repurchased. A big advantage over closed-end funds. These are ultimately rarely recommended.

Who are investment funds suitable for?

If you want to invest capital in the long term and thus want to increase your wealth, you can think about investment funds. Common reasons for this are, for example, the idea of pensions or pensions. The savings should not be needed for the next 20 years. After that, the return is so good in the best case that the provision was successful. At the same time, the risk of losses is rather low, so mutual funds are ideal for such projects.

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Which fund is the best?

Of course, you always expect tips from your bank advisor on the subject of investments. Financial experts therefore often recommend ETFs. These are simple, transparent and flexible. Index funds can also fall under the term ETFs. They replicate a stock market index and are therefore relatively inexpensive. The very high long-term return opportunities represent a further advantage of ETFs. ETFs can be purchased online through the bank or securities traders.

However, in order to be able to opt for a good fund investment, some criteria should be met. For example, the fund should incur as little as possible in costs. After all, every percent cost reduces the ultimate return on the investor. High purchase costs or funds with an issue surcharge often reduce the return by several percent. The management fees must also be taken into account.

Investment funds - is it worth investing?

Of course, values within the funds can fluctuate and the certain residual risk remains. It is therefore important to stick to it. Price declines should therefore not lead directly to the sale of the shares. Various statistics and analyses show that investors with a maturity of 15 years and longer, usually have not lost any money. In fact, however, we should only invest in funds that are comprehensible and comprehensible in terms of their structure and components. In order to find good and cheap funds, you usually don’t even need a bank advisor. You can also find good online depots online, which offer a simple guide. So funds can be bought or sold yourself.

Investing in a secure future

The E1 Investments concept offers a proven system for the solid development of a business as a broker and owner of a real estate business. E1 Real Estate has the infrastructure and operating systems that enable us to offer first-class services with a team of brokers. You are investing in the market of the future.

Taxation of funds

Only since 2018 has there been a new law on investment taxation. All investment funds are therefore taxed according to the same logic. This is to be described as a withholding tax. It is therefore no longer decisive where the fund was invested. It is also irrelevant whether it pays dividends or saves money. You can also use the income from the investment fund to support your real estate financing. If you have investment properties that you would like to have financed, you can also consolidate our experts.

The custodian bank determines the basis of assessment for the withholding tax on an annual basis. This is done using a specific formula. The amount is about 25. Now the investor can either submit a special exemption application to the custodian bank, or the tax is withheld directly. Capital gains of up to EUR 801 are tax-free. In the case of jointly assessed persons, the tax able to pay up to EUR 1,602 applies.

Benefits for Investors & Owners of Registration with E1 Holding

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